The crime of patriotism at Vizagapatam Medical Faculty

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The crime of Patriotism at Vizagapatam Medical Faculty: The Andhra Medical Faculty information its historical past to the 1923 opening of the brand new buildings adjoining to the King George Hospital, however little is thought of its predecessor establishments and the forgotten medical pupil Freedom Fighters of the 1920s.

The Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medical Faculty began in 1902 with 10 college students close to the current Queen Mary’s Excessive Faculty on the outdated Vizag submit workplace and was supported by the Goday household’s Maharajah Sir Goday Narayana Gajapathi Rao. Maharani Woman Chittijanakiammah Gajapathi Rao honoured her late husband’s needs and supplied the land and constructing for a brand new faculty in Waltair. About 1912, the college was transferred and the constructing was commissioned because the Vizagapatam Medical Faculty and began operations with 32 college students. The brightest college students from Vizag had been capable of research for the MBBS or Licentiate LMS. Later, the Authorities deliberate for a brand new hospital and constructed the adjoining Andhra Medical Faculty which was opened informally on 7 July 1923, by Captain Frederick Jasper Anderson, Indian Medical Service, officiating as Principal who was additionally the professor of anatomy and surgical procedure. The formal opening was on 19 July 1923, by the Hon Diwan Bahadur Rajah Panuganti Ramarayaningar, MA, Minister for Native Self Authorities Division, the then Chief Minister of Madras, and Minister for Well being.

Vizagapatam Medical Faculty (left), Civil Hospital (proper), and Maharajah Goday Gajapathi Rao Poor Home within the foreground.

Vizag’s Civil Hospital was began as a civil dispensary in 1845 and upgraded to a 30-bed hospital in 1857. The Rajah of Vizianagram endowed it and the Sisters of St Joseph from the Convent in Waltair supplied the nursing care. AV Jagga Rao erected a dispensary and public benefactors progressively construct cottages round it. The Authorities added a septic room, an working theatre, and a maternity ward. The Civil Hospital was changed by a brand new constructing, which was named King George Hospital and inaugurated by Hon Rajah of Panagal, Chief Minister of Madras on 19 July 1923.

Vizagapatam Medical Faculty c 1920 Courtesy: Dr Prof Rednam Ahi Krishna, Retired Principal of Andhra Medical Faculty

Vizagapatam Medical Faculty’s tutorial employees was achieved English docs from the Indian Medical Service. The faculty was run together with English norms with the younger college students anticipated to decorate in swimsuit & boot like pukka sahibs. This facet of their medical coaching was to place the scholars within the headlines in the course of the freedom battle. On the 28th of September 1921, 142 medical college students on the Vizagapatam Medical Faculty entered their lessons sporting white Gandhi Khadi caps. The directors had been livid, and the scholars pointed to the accepted gown observe of native court docket employees and countered the objection to white caps by dyeing their caps black. An infuriated administration demanded an apology that led to 32 college students refusing to take action and so they had been dismissed from the school.

Andhra Medical Faculty c 1923

Mahatma Gandhi recommended the medical college students as examples to people in different walks of life that would stake life-style and profession for a better ethical trigger. He mentioned…’ the nation is affected by the continual illness of bondage. Those that spend themselves find and making use of the true treatment for the illness grow to be true surgeons and physicians, and when that common illness is cured, a lot of the different ailments just like the plague, cholera, malaria and many others. will disappear, and the nation can be higher ready to coach medical women and men to be able to deal with them… Some Vizag attorneys, academics, Authorities employees took up the message of self-sacrifice and courageous struggling for self-respect as 6 college students additionally left Mrs AVN Faculty and CBM Excessive Faculty in Vizag.

Within the Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, he wrote … What’s the campaign towards the scholars of the Vizagapatam Medical Faculty if not an insensate campaign towards the khadi? He additionally wrote ‘Extra about Medical College students’…
I’m ready this week to publish the correspondence referring to the Vizagapatam medical college students. It’s lengthy however each attention-grabbing and instructive. It reveals the mentality of the medical authorities and in addition of the Authorities. The ultimate orders dismissing the scholars had been handed underneath recommendation or with the cognizance of the Authorities of Madras; The reader will notice that the gown laws weren’t strictly carried out in any respect and that after the caps had been colored black there was no excuse in any respect for banning them. However the truth that the scholars had the audacity to put on khadi was sufficient to awaken the ire of the school authorities. The reader can even notice the humiliating character of the gown laws. The tuft of hair or a baldhead, a mark each of faith and respectability, have to be hidden as a result of it offended the Western style of the Western professors. They may not enter the school with Indian footwear on. They need to put on English footwear or stay barefoot. Thus the scholars are taught at an impressionable interval of their lives to discard nationwide gown. As a matter of truth Indian footwear for the Indian local weather are infinitely superior to the English footwear as being ethereal and due to this fact extra hygienic. The introduction of socks is inelegant and completely ineffective for the recent local weather of India. Socks-wearers know the stench that their socks emit on this local weather…Younger India, 24-11-1921

The difficulty of khadi cap sporting college students touched off a furor in different components of India. The Bombay Court docket took concern with any headdress aside from a turban, the people of Gujarat contended that it was inoffensive on a regular basis put on, and in some courts, peons and court docket employees had at all times worn black khadi caps.

Little did we all know that Vizag medical college students of 1921 had been responsible of the Crime of Patriotism by establishing that ‘Khadi was Kool’ in the course of the freedom motion in India.

Written by John Castellas whose household belonged to Vizag for five generations. Educated at St Aloysius, migrated to Melbourne, Australia in 1966, former Basic Supervisor Engineering at Boeing & Qantas Airways, in retirement Lecturers in Aviation Administration at Swinburne College and is a Vizag aficionado.

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